tisdag 26 februari 2008

50-åringar och hjärtinfarkt

Ur pressmeddelande:

Sedan 1963 har Wilhelmsens forskargrupp vid Sahlgrenska akademin studerat hjärt-kärlhälsan hos medelålders män genom att vart tionde år undersöka ett slumpvis urval av 50-åriga göteborgare. De tre viktigaste riskfaktorerna för att drabbas av hjärtinfarkt är rökning, högt blodtryck och höga kolesterolvärden. På alla dessa punkter har förbättringar skett sedan 1963.

– 1963 rökte 56 procent av 50-åringarna, 2003 var 22 procent rökare. Under samma tidsperiod minskade blodtrycket, från i genomsnitt 138/91 till 135/85, liksom kolesterolhalten i blodet, från 6,4 till 5,5 mmol/l. Dessa förbättringar, som i huvudsak inte beror på ökande läkemedelsbehandling utan på ändrade levnadsvanor, har lett till att det idag är hälften så många 50-åringar som drabbas av hjärtinfarkt jämfört med 1963, säger professor emeritus Lars Wilhelmsen.

Dessutom har dödligheten i hjärtinfarkt minskat under perioden. Dödligheten under första månaden efter en hjärtinfarkt är idag ungefär hälften så stor jämfört med 1963, vilket kan förklaras av bättre behandling.

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